Boccaccio, Giovanni

Boccaccio, Giovanni
   Considered one of the greatest Italian poets in history, Boccaccio was born either in the Tuscan town of Certaldo or in Florence. He spent his youth in Naples where his father worked as representative of the Bardi bank. There he studied law and commerce and eventually recognized that his true calling was writing. In Naples he composed his Caccia di Diana (c. 1334), Filostrato (c. 1335), and Teseida (1339-1341). By 1341, he was back in Florence and there he began work on his Decameron (c. 1350), which tells the tale of 10 aristocratic youths who flee Florence to avoid the Black Death. They set up court in the Tuscan countryside where they pass the time by telling each other stories. Among these is the story of Nastagio degli Onesti, a subject sometimes depicted on domestic furnishings decorated with didactic narratives. The work was so successful that in the 16th century it was declared the canon of vernacular prose. During the mid-1350s, Boccaccio established a close friendship with Petrarch and acted as Florentine ambassador to Rome, Ravenna, Avignon, and Brandenburg. Among his later works is the De mulieribus claris, the first collection of biographies of women in Western literature and a major source of subjects for artists. Boccaccio spent his last years lecturing on Dante in Certaldo and Florence.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • Boccaccio, Giovanni — Boccaccio, Giovanni, Giovanni, ein liebenswürdiger Dichter und der beste Prosaist Italiens, wurde als der Sohn eines italienischen Kaufmannes 1313 zu Paris geboren, zeitig nach Florenz gebracht, wo er sich dem Handel widmen sollte, sich aber in… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Boccaccio, Giovanni — • Biography and overview of the author s major works Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Boccaccio, Giovanni — (1313–1375)    Boccaccio was an Italian poet and writer of prose fiction, largely influenced by DANTE and his close friend PETRARCH, and with those two is considered one of the three great writers of the Italian trecento (i.e., 14th century). His …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • Boccaccio, Giovanni — (1313 1375)    One of the three great Italian authors of the 14th century (along with Dante and Petrarch) who established the Tuscan dialect as Italy s literary language. Born near Florence to a merchant employed by the Bardi bank and a woman… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Boccaccio, Giovanni — born 1313, Paris, France died Dec. 21, 1375, Certaldo, Tuscany Italian poet and scholar. His life was full of difficulties and occasional bouts of poverty. His early works include The Love Afflicted (с 1336), a prose work in five books, and The… …   Universalium

  • Boccaccio, Giovanni — ► (1313 75) Escritor renacentista italiano. El centro de su obra es el culto al amor y a la inteligencia. En sus obras juveniles, Filocolo (1336), Filostrato (1338), trata el amor desde su perspectiva autobiográfica. Recoge temas mitológicos,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Boccaccio,Giovanni — Boc·cac·cio (bō käʹchē ō , chō ), Giovanni. 1313 1375. French born Italian poet and writer whose classic work, the Decameron (1351 1353), is a collection of 100 tales set against the melancholic background of the Black Death. * * * …   Universalium

  • BOCCACCIO, GIOVANNI —    the celebrated Italian raconteur, born near Florence; showed early a passion for literature; sent by his father to Naples to pursue a mercantile career; gave himself up to story telling in prose and verse; fell in love with Maria, a beautiful… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Boccaccio, Giovanni —  (1313–1375) Italian writer …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

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